तनाव र मानसिक स्वास्थ्य

WHO का अनुसार मानसिक स्वास्थ भनेको सुस्वास्थको त्यस्तो अवस्था जहाँ प्रत्येक व्यक्तीले आफ्ना सम्भावनाहरु महसुस गर्छ, जिवनका सामान्य तनावहरुको सहजै सामना गर्छ तथा उत्पादनशील रुपमा काम गर्दै आफ्नो समुदायमा केहि योगदान पुर्याउछ । तसर्थ पूर्ण रुपमा स्वस्थ हुन मानसिक रुपमा पनि सबल अनि स्वस्थ हुन अत्यन्त जरुरी छ । प्रायः मानसिक स्वास्थ र मानसिक रोगलाई एकै रुपमा लिएको पाइन्छ । मानसिक रोग हुनकालागि तीन कुराहरु आवश्यक पर्दछ: मानसिक रोगका लक्षण, त्यस लक्षणहरुको समयावधी र दिनचर्यामा असर ।मनसिक रोगका केहि लक्षणहरु तल दिइएका छन्: निराश हुने एन्जाइटी झम– झम हुने वा सोला हान्ने अत्याधिक रुपमा रिसाउने बिर्सने धेरै शंका लाग्ने कुनै…

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तनावः परिचय र परिणाम

चिन्ता वा तनाव नहुने व्यक्ती सायदै कोहि होलान् । प्रत्येक  व्यक्तिलाई कुनै न कुनै किसिमको तनाव हुने गर्दछ । नियमित प्रक्रियामा भएको कुनै पनि परिवर्तनले निम्त्याउने शारीरिक, मानसिक, भावनात्मक तथा व्यवहारिक प्रतिक्रिया नै तनाव हो । यसले परिवर्तन वा खतरासँग जुध्न शरिरलाई तयार पार्दछ । यसले मानिसलाई उर्जावान् र सचेत राख्दछ । तनाव बिनाको जिवन निरस हुन जान्छ । यदि कुनै विद्यार्थीलाई उसको परिक्षाको कुनै तनावनै छैन भने उसले त्यस परिक्षको प्रभावकारी तयारी नै गर्दैन अथवा यदि कुनै व्यक्तिलाई उसको स्वास्थको कुनै चिन्ता नै नभए उसले आफ्नो खानपिन, रहनसहनमा ध्यान दिन छाड्छ । तर यदी तनाव लामो समयसम्म भइरहेमा यसले…

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Mental Health at work place

Most of the world’s population spend one-third of their adult lives at work. Mental health problems at workplace are common and can keep one from feeling and performing at his/her best —mentally, physically and emotionally. Research have shown that mental health issues including stress-related illnesses are directly impacting employers through absenteeism, employee productivity and morale. Studies have also shown being unhappy with or unfulfilled by work can take a toll on our health, relationships, and even lifespan. Though we relate mental health issues to possibly stress only, in fact mental illnesses are neurobiological illness made worse by stress. It is…

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School Mental Health

The children and adolescents spend most of their unique and formative time at school. Whilst most adolescents have good mental health there are factors like physical, emotional and social changes, exposure to poverty, abuse, or violence, that can make adolescents vulnerable to mental health problems. Mental health issues contribute to problems with achievements and relationships at schools and possibly lead to students not attending classes and further to lower academic performance and disruptive social behavior. Social stigma associated with the mental health and limited availability/access to resources has further prevented the children and their parents from seeking treatment. Given the high…

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Hair Loss and Mental Health

The problems of hair loss are very common especially in male population. Almost every society in the world associates luxurious hair with youth, beauty, and good health. For many people, hair is what makes them feel beautiful. Hair loss can be devastating and psychologically traumatic to some individuals while some might take it normally. Certain aspects of lifestyle like diet, environment, alcohol intake, use of medications and sleep pattern can play an important role in hair loss. Mental disorders and abnormal psychological states have bidirectional relationship with hair loss. On one hand psychiatric illnesses can lead to hair loss and on…

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Sleep and Sleep hygiene

Many patients complain to physicians about insufficient sleep and chronic problems in sleep pattern. A patient who sleeps 6 to 7 hours may be concerned that she or he is not sleeping long enough, not realizing that 6 to 7 hours may be enough to them. Many people believe that 8 hours of sleep is required for health, but there is little medical basis to recommend sleeping 8 hours or more. There is physiological variation in the duration of sleep for everyone. Some people might feel fresh even after 5 hours of sleep and perform all his daily responsibilities perfectly….

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टाउको दुखाईको समस्या

“सुशिला एक अठ्ठाइस वर्षीय विवाहित महिला हुन् । उनले एम्.ए. सम्म अध्ययन गरेकी छन् र उनी अहिले नेपालको एक प्रतिष्ठित बैङ्कमा काम गर्दै आएकी छन् । उनलाई टाउको दुखाईको समस्याले साह्रै सताएको छ । हप्ताको १–२ पटक उनको टाउकोको एक पाटो दुख्छ र एक पटक सुरु भए पश्चात् ५–६ घण्टासम्म दुखिरहन्छ । यसले गर्दा उनी आफ्नो काममा जान सक्दिनन् । उनका साथिहरुले उनलाई डाक्टरकहाँ जाने सल्लाह धेरै पटक दिएतापनि उनी जान मान्दिनन् । उनको अनुसार डाक्टरकहाँ गएमा डाक्टरले उनलाई धेरै नचाहिने औषधी दिन्छन् र महङ्गा टेस्टहरु गराउँछन् । उनको आमालाई पनि टाउको दुख्ने समस्या छ । उनलाई दुखेको औषधी खाँदा…

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आत्महत्या सम्बन्धि भ्रम तथा तथ्यहरु

आत्महत्या भनेको जानीजानी आफुले आफैंलाई मार्न खोज्नु हो । जब मानिसमा आफुले आफैलाई मार्न खोज्ने विचारहरु आउँछन् तब त्यस्ता विचारलाई आत्महत्याको विचार भनिन्छ । यस्ता विचारहरु एक्काासी आउन सक्छन् वा कुनै मर्छु भन्ने योजनाको पाटो हुन सक्छन् । विश्वको परिपेक्षमा हेर्दा सबैभन्दा बढी आत्महत्या हुने देशहरुको सूचिमा नेपाल माथिल्लो स्थानको देशहरु मध्ये पर्दछ । नेपालको तथ्याङ्कलाई हेर्ने हो भने एक लाख व्यक्तिमा २४.९ जनाले आत्महत्या गरेको देखिन्छ । अझ नेपालका प्रजनन उमेरसमूहका महिलाहरुमा १६% मृत्यु आत्महत्याको कारणले गर्दा हुने गर्दछ । आत्महत्या सम्बन्धि जनमानसमा धेरै भ्रमहरु छन् । यस मध्ये सबैभन्दा ठूलो भ्रम भनेको आत्महत्याबारे कुराकानी गर्दा वा यसबारे सोध्दा…

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Anxiety

We come across different situations in life that make us feel anxious. A student might feel anxious when he/she faces exam, a young musician might have anxiety when he gives performance in front of a large crowd, a child may be anxious when facing a stranger. Anxiety is all around us. We may be strong but anxiety doesn’t spare anyone. It is a normal human response to any stressful situation and when performance is required. However, all of us do not have anxiety disorder. For a person to have anxiety disorder he should have cluster of symptoms of anxiety for…

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Future of Psychiatry

From the time when psychiatric illness was regarded as a reason for social outcast, the field has taken a giant leap in the last century. Mental health has come through a long and tiring journey riding the back of psychoanalysis and serendipitous discovery of psychotropic medications in the mid of 21st century followed by rapid development in terms of new treatment options and biological understanding in last few decades. In the journey there have been multiple hindrances in the form of social stigma, lack of awareness, lack of manpower and different anti psychiatry movements. However, the field has thrived and…

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